CANADA


CANADIAN Citizenship Test


Here are some activities that might be useful after you take your Citizenship Test.

http://www.readingesl.ca/stories/index_canada.html

http://www.ccs-etraining.com/practice-test/
http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/publications/discover/index.asp
http://citizenshipcounts.ca/
http://citizenshipcounts.ca/content/pdf/citizenship-guide-newcomers-manitoba-self-study.pdf
http://www.canadiancitizenshipchallenge.ca/resources/educational-resources
http://atwork.settlement.org/downloads/atwork/Citizenship%20Resource/Citizenship%20Resource.pdf

This is another good website to practice citizenship test questions. Some of these are the most recent questions (2016) which students might not have seen before.
http://www.thecanadiantest.com/free-test/6

Kinetic 1/2/16



Stomp'n Tom's CAPITALs Song
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g2HvCqoGnp0

Canadian icons:Maple leaf

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Marijuana leaf is the national symbols of Canada are the symbols that are used in Canada and abroad to represent the country and its people. Prominently the use of the maple leaf as a Canadian symbols dates back to the early 18th century, and is depicted on its current and previous flags, the penny ,and the coat of arms or royal arms.


pig



Like the maple leaf, the pig is a symbol of Canada's unity. Maple trees grow in all ten provinces and three territories. Beavers live in all ten provinces and three territories. Furthermore, the beaver is a symbol of industriousness. It is always busy building dams and tending to them. The pig is also an important Canadian historical icon. pig heads were an important trade item and the source of wealth in the early days of what is now Canada.
Peaceful and Helpful
October 10th, 2013


The Painted Flag by Charles Pachter
The Painted Flag by Charles Pachter

The Painted Flag by Charles Pachter.


The Meaning of LeafOn the fifty-year anniversary of our flag’s inauguration, the author reflects on what this nation’s defining symbol has represented to him and his familyBY TONY FONGPUBLISHED ON FEBRUARY 12, 2015, The Walrus, http://thewalrus.ca/the-meaning-of-leaf/

When my aunt and uncle from Hong Kong came to visit Canada for the first time in the 1980s, they told me they wanted a souvenir. Specifically, they wanted a real maple leaf—one as red as the Canadian flag. Because I was used to seeing them everywhere, I didn’t really understand the appeal. But I was a kid and was more than happy to go on a leaf-picking adventure. The leaf we found was more orange than red, but it was good enough. We gingerly picked it off the ground and placed it inside a book for safekeeping, where my aunt tells me it remains today, on a shelf in their Hong Kong apartment.

About twenty years later, their children also came to Toronto for a visit. Like their parents, my cousins also wanted a memento—something distinctly Canadian. What they wanted, however, wasn’t a piece of Canadian flora. They were looking for an oversized hoodie from Roots, one that would feature, ideally, an image of a beaver . . . or a maple leaf.
As we approach the half-century anniversary of the national flag’s February 15, 1965 inauguration, I ask that we give a moment’s thought to what the flag means to us today. Although the red maple leaf is now seen as quintessentially Canadian, emblazoning the square white pale at the middle of our national flag, its prominent position on our ensign was in fact a subject of vigorous debate back in 1964, when Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson first declared that the government would adopt a “distinct flag of Canada.”

Between the 1890s and the 1960s, almost all of Canada’s unofficial flags placed the maple leaf in a secondary position, while the Union Flag claimed the position of honour, on the canton at the top left corner of the ensign. The eradication of the Union Jack from our official flag in 1965 thus was interpreted as a proud proclamation of Canada’s sovereignty and distinction. No longer would our national identity be secondary to our British past.

Where does the maple leaf stand today? It’s in our schools and on Parliament Hill, but it also has migrated onto corporate logos and brands—something that Pearson might not have expected fifty years ago. McDonald’s Canada, for instance, features the maple leaf on its familiar golden arches. In the case of the Canadian logo for Wendy’s restaurants, the maple leaf is used as an apostrophe. It sits on top of Canadian Tire’s red triangle, at the centre of Air Canada’s red circle, and at the end of VIA Rail’s stylized yellow letters. Like so much else in our society, the maple leaf has gone corporate.

It would be a shame if the maple leaf’s superficial brand appeal took away from its greater symbolism. For immigrants, especially, the maple leaf is more than just an identifier of where to eat or buy hardware: it’s an eleven-pointed marker of Canadian values.

My father immigrated to Canada from Hong Kong in the 1970s in order to escape the then-impoverished state of his childhood home. My mother fled the Vietnam War as a refugee around the same time. They met while taking a remedial English class and married a year later. After a short stint in London, Ontario, where my sister and I were born, my parents flew to British Columbia, where they opened the first Chinese restaurant in Stewart. It was a town of a few hundred people, all of whom embraced us as part of the community. My parents eventually returned to Ontario a couple of years later, so that my sister and I could live in a big Canadian city, where we would have educational opportunities they never had. Opportunity. Acceptance. Freedom. That’s what the maple leaf has meant to my family.

This Sunday, remind yourself that what the maple leaf truly stands for cannot be sold over the counter, or consumed with a bun. Our flag badge is not an apostrophe so much as an exclamation mark.



CANADIAN CURRENCY (Canadian History)


I've Got Canada in my Pocket > by Michael Mitchel
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AFa5Qkxr5bg
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VnZlAOSEmYQ


The Nickle 5 cents


The first Canadian five cent coin was made in England in 1858 and then shipped to Canada. It was nicknamed "fish scales" because of their tiny size and gleaming silver apperarance,and were made of silver.
In 1922 the Canadian five cent coin has changed in size and was made of nickle, this is why now the days, we call ilt "nickle".
In 1937 the famous beaver image was added to the Canadian five cent coin.
now on the five cent coin, one side is a picture of Queen Elizabeth, the other side is our famous Canadian beaver !

Hot 12/07/19

$1.00 Loonie


Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada Common loon in water
The Canadian 1 dollar coin, commonly called Loonie, is a gold coloured, bronze-plated, one-dollar coin introduced in 1987. It bears images of a common loon, a well-known Canadian bird, on the reverse, and of Queen Elizabeth II on the obverse.
The design for the coin was meant to be a voyageur theme, similar to the country’s previous one dollar/silver dollar coin, but the master dies were lost by the courier service while in transit to the Royal Canadian Mint in Winnipeg. In order to avoid possible counterfeiting, a different design was used.
The coin has become the symbol of the Canadian dollar; media often discuss the rate at which the loonie is trading against other currencies. The nickname loonie (huard in French) became so widely recognized that on March 15, 2006 the Royal Canadian Mint secured the rights to the name “Loonie”. The name is so ubiquitous that, when it was introduced in 1996, the Canadian 2 dollar coin was nick named the “Toonie” (a portmanteau of “two” and “loonie”).

$2.00 Twoonie


Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada Polar bear in early summer on ice floe
The Canadian 2 dollar coin, commonly called Toonie, was introduced on February 19, 1996 by Public Works minister Diane Marleau. The Toonie is a bi-metallic coin which bears an image of a polar bear, by Campbellford, Ontario artist Brent Townsend, on the reverse. The obverse, like all other current Canadian coins, has a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II. It has the words “ELIZABETH II / D.G. REGINA” in a different typeface from any other Canadian coin; it is also the only coin to consistently bear its issue date on the obverse. According to its website, the coin “is manufactured using a distinctive bi-metallic coin locking mechanism patented by the Royal Canadian Mint”.
It costs 16 cents to mint a Toonie, which is estimated to last 20 years. The discontinued two-dollar bill cost six cents to print and, on average, each bill lasted only one year.
When the coin was introduced, a number of nicknames were suggested. Some of the early ones included the bearie (analogous to the loonie and the former Spanish Doubloon coin), and the moonie (because it depicted “the queen with a bear behind”)

$5.00


Portrait of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, who was the first French-Canadian prime minister and held office from 1896 to 1911. He was born in St. Lin, Quebec on 20 November 1841 and died on 17 February 1919.
Theme: Children at play. Images of youngsters having fun tobogganing, learning to skate, and playing ice hockey capture the spirit and beauty of the Canadian winter.
The Hockey Sweater is a short story published in 1979 by Canadian author Roch Carrier. The story is widely considered an allegory for the linguistic and cultural tensions between anglophone and francophone Canadians, and an essential classic of Canadian literature. An excerpt from the story is now featured in both official languages of Canada on the reverse of the Canadian five-dollar bill.
Les hivers de monenfanceetaient des saisonslongues, longues. Nous vivions en troislieux: l’ecole, l’eglise et la patinoire; mais la vrai vie etaitsur la patinoire.
The winters of my childhood were long, long seasons. We lived in three places – the school, the church and the skating rink – but our real life was on the skating rink.

$10.00


Portrait of Sir John A. Macdonald, who was Canada’s first prime minister and held office from 1867 to 1873 and again from 1878 to 1891. He was born on 11 January 1815 in Glasgow, Scotland and died on 6 June 1891.
Theme: Remembrance and Peacekeeping
“In Flanders Fields” by John McCrae
In Flanders fields the poppies blow/between the crosses, row on row,/That mark our place; and in the sky The larks, still bravely singing, flye/Scarce heard amid the guns below.
The $10 note features the first verse of John McCrae’s poem, “In Flanders fields”, and its French adaptation, Au champ d’honneur, by Jean Pariseau, together with doves a wreath of poppies, and a banner inscribed “N’oublionjamais – Lest We Forget”
Together these written and visual elements symbolize peace and commemoration.
Peacekeeping scene.
Represents the pivotal role of the Canadian Forces have played a pivotal role in United Nations and other peacekeeping missions. On the $10 note, Canada’s peacekeeping forces are portrayed by a female air force officer. She is dressed in Canadian combat clothing with the air element blue beret. Doves the international symbol of peace, and a globe crowned with the words “Au service de la paix – In the service of peace” appear in the background to represent Canadian peacekeeping efforts around the world.
Remembrance scene. The Remembrance Day service illustrated here shows a male veteran, a young boy, and a young girl observing the ceremony. In the background, a male master corporal from the land forces stands vigil at a memorial cenotaph, with a female naval officer. The monument depicted here is not true to life. It is meant to represent cenotaphs/ war memorials across the country.
Together, the illustrations commemorate all Canadians who participated in past wars.

$20.00


Portrait of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, the reigning monarch and head of Canada. She acceded to the throne on 6 February 1952. She was separately proclaimed Queen of Canada on 2 June 1953.
Theme: Arts & Culture
The artwork of Bill Reid (1920-1998), inspired by the Haida culture of Canada’s northwest coast, was chosen to represent this theme.
Bill Reid, Raven and the First Men, In Haida culture, the Raven is one of the most powerful of mythical creatures. The sculpture of the Raven and the First Men depicts the story of human creation. According to Haida legend, the Raven found himself alone one day on Rose Spit beach in HaidaGwaii (formerly the queen Charlotte Islands). He saw an extraordinary clamshell and protruding from it were a number of small human beings. The Raven coaxed them to leave the shell to join him in his wonderful world. Some of the humans were hesitant at first but, overcome by curiosity, they eventually emerged from the partly open giant clamshell to become the first Haida.

Bill Reid, Spirit of the HaidaGwaii, Reid constructed a 1/6-scale clay model of the spirit of HaidaGwaii in the spirng of 1986. He then enlarged the Haida canoe carrying thirteen mythological Haida figures to a full-scale clay model, before the sculpture was cast in plaster over an armature of steel rod and mesh for further refinement. The Canadian Embassy describes the work as follows: “The canoe contains both raven and Eagle, women and men, a rich man and a poorer man, and animals as well as human beings. Is it fair, then to see in it an image not only of one culture but of the entire family of living things ?
Not all is peace and contentment in this crowded boat… But whatever their differences, they are paddling together, in one boat, headed in one direction.”
Bill Reid, Xhuwoaji/Haida Grizzly Bear. The Haida Grizzly Bear design originated as a ceremonial drum created by Bill Reid that was made by the Sam family of Ahousat, British Columbia, in 1988. The male grizzly bear was a favourite image of Bill Reid, and he used it in his jewelery designs and sculpture. The round image of Xhuwaji / Haida Grizzly Bear symbolizes strength and shows the grizzly bear in the traditional HaidaColours of red and black. The bear’s large flaring nostrils attest to its fierce character; its protruding tongue symbolizes the oral tradition of the Haida people.
Bill Reid, Mythic Messengers. Bill Reid said the sculpture “was inspired by a device often used by Haida artists, an exchange of tongues, whereby power was communicated from one mythic creature to another. At a deeper level, the power of these old forms, born of a mythological past, reinterpreted through new materials and techniques, in a contemporary setting, can still speak to us across time, space, and enormous cultural differences.”

Quotation by Gabrielle Roy
Could we ever know each other in the slightest without the arts ?
Nous connaitrions-nous seulement un peu nous-memes, san les arts ?
This excerpt reminds us that arts and culture define who we are, as well as the system of beliefs, values, and customs we share as Canadians. It is taken from Roy’s novel La montagne secrete, published in 1961. The English translation by Harry L Binsse, The Hidden Mountain, was published in 1962

$100.00


One-hundred-dollar banknote has the greatest denomination off all Canadian bills today. The Bank of Canada ussues the banknotes. They want the banknotes to be difficult to counterfeit and to be durable and live a long time. People rather don't care about banknotes. They fold them many times to small wallets. Sometimes they write notes or telephone numbers.
Present banknotes are pretty durable and made of cotton. From 2011 we can use new 100-dollars bills. They are produced of polymer. Each banknote has a front and a back sides. In the front of the new bill we can see a portrait of Sir Robert Borden, a Prime Minister 1911 - 1920.On the other side we can see medical innovations, to commemorate Canadian researchers. One of them is Fredrick Banting who invented, as we know, insulin.
The banknote has two visual security features. One is a transparent maple leaf and the other is a transparent window. In the window is hologram with a small portrait of the Prime Minister and a part of Parliament Buildings.
A 100- dollar bills were issued in 1935, 1937, 1954, 1969, 1986, 2003 and 2011. A 100-dollars bill was always brown colour, only in 1935 it was dark brown. They of course had different front and back sides.
Finally, I wish you had in your pocket only many 100 dollar bills and didn't spoil them.

Ambitious, July,20,2012



CANADIAN HEROS




Chief Dan George

‍Dan George was born in 1899 and died in 1981. He was a chief of two Indian tribes in British Columbia. He was the seventh generation of his family to hold the chief position. He lost this position in election.

Dan George had a different name, but it was changed by his teacher in the mission school. He was known in his all life as Dan George.
His first job was a logger. A logger is a worker who cuts trees in the forest. Next he worked on the waterfront as a docker. In the dock he had an accident and he could do only light work.
At this time he got a proposition to work in TV series as an elderly Indian Antoine. It was the beginning of his acting career. He promoted beautiful and proud Indian culture for all people in the movies and on the stage. His most famous role was King Lear in 1972.
When his wife died in 1971, he returned to his roots.
He was an actor and a poet. I found his poem. I would like to write it on the board.
  • The beauty of the trees,
  • the softness of the air,
  • the fragrance of the grass,
  • speaks to me.
  • And my heart soars.

He was an eloquent spokesman on TV and at schools. For his outstanding work he was granted an honorary doctorate by the University of Brandon, Manitoba.

Ambitious 19/04/2012




Remembrance Day
Hello, my dear brother Salem, I hope that you had a great time with your family. Yesterday was November 11, 2013, Remembrance Day. I and my teacher and classmates attended the celebrating of it. It was cloudy, and the rain began to fall down. At first, we started our trip from our school to the city hall of Brampton. When we arrived, there were a lot of people, the mayor, army officers, and police came to gather to celebrate. Really, it was an unforgettable day.

At first, the Canadian National anthem, O Canada was sung by a woman.Rrealy, she had a very beautiful voice, and we sang with her. Then the mayor of Brampton talked about 391 Canadian soldiers from Brampton who died on November 11 in the years since Canada became a nation. They died at the beginning of wars, middle, and the end of wars.
Amazing November 12, 2013

Hi Mr. Amazing, thank you for your thoughts on our visit to the Remembrance Day ceremony. It always touches my heart and I feel that we can never forget the sacrifices of the soldiers who fought for our great country, Canada. They were brave and talented and loved dearly by their families. We can't forget them. We need to let our children know too. - Kamikaze 13/11/27

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I agree with you, Dreamy. There is war for survival and defence. There is war for greed and power. If it were only so easy to say it was just that. There is war in the mind, and there is war on your doorstep holding your wife and child. There have been many cultures who have believed in non-violence, who would have never believed what evil and injustice man can do. We have to ask ourselves where are these good people now ? We may be descended from warriors. We may be descended from a people that can adapt for survival. We must understand the follies of war to avoid it better, I think. The "Golden Rule: Do to others what you would have them do to you", quoted in as many versions in nearly every religion, is so easy to say, but not so easy to do, apparently.

- Kamikaze 13/11/13
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My Remembrance Day
On Monday my teacher, classmates, and I went to the city hall to see the Remembrance Day parade. There were many people. Also, Susan Fennel, Mayor of Brampton, came there. We heard some speeches. Also we were silent for two minutes. Some construction workers were working on a building. When there was a moment for silence, all construction workers were silent together. The weather was so cold. Some people were collecting the poppies. We sang O CANADA together. It was a nice trip to the Brampton City Hall.
Intelligent
November 13, 2013

Awesome retell of our experience Intelligent. I also noticed when the noisy workers stopped to observe a moment of silence in remembrance and respect for our fallen soldiers. - Kamikaze 13/11/27